An Insight into Warts & Its Main Cause – the Human Papillomavirus!

What is a wart?

Wart is a small, rough growth on the skin; usually described as contagious skin tumor. It usually develops on hands & feet, but some special types of warts such as genital warts and flat warts are present in genital area, neck, knees and wrists.

It crops up when one or the other type of HPV (Human Papillomavirus) enter into the human skin through small cuts, scratches or wounds. The moment HPV penetrates through the broken skin, some amount of keratin starts accumulating in that particular area, eventually leading to outward growth on the skin in various configurations.

Generally, warts are considered harmless. However, they are painful and cause severe itching at times. Therefore, they must be treated at the earliest.

What is HPV?

HPV is a DNA virus from the Papillomavirus family that is capable of producing infection in the keratinocytes or the mucous membrane of the skin. The Papillomavirus family includes about 150 different types of viruses, where each one of them tends to cause different types of skin issues like cancer & warts.

Difference between Skin Warts & Genital Warts

Skin Warts

Genital Warts

·   Caused due HPV 2, 27 and 57 ·  Caused due to HPV 11 and 6
·   Usually present on hands, feet, forehead, arms, face, knees, neck & wrists ·  Usually present in genital areas
·   Less likely to transfer from one person to the other ·   Quite communicable

How can warts be treated?

  • Wartrol: Wartrol is one of the most effective treatments for warts. It is a liquid that contains salicylic acid & a few other components, which are considered one of the best keratolytic medications. When applied on the infected part, it dissolves the excessive keratin that has been build up in a specific part forming wart. It is effective but takes time to remove the warts permanently. Therefore, it is advised to use Wartrol until warts are gone completely.

  • Freezing methods: These methods use sprays, which freeze warts at a very low temperatures; usually -90 F.
  • Duct Tape: Cover the wart with a duct tape for a prolonged period, usually 6 days. Remove the tape on the 6th day, soak the infected part in warm water for about 60 seconds and then scrape it with a rough material like pumice stone. Once this is done, apply the tape once again and repeat the process until the wart is completely gone.
  • Surgery: Warts are removed using different surgical methodologies. In some cases, it is burnt with electric current while in other cases such as Curettage; it is cut off using sharp medical cutting tool. In laser surgery, it is burnt with an intense laser beam. Surgery is usually avoided until warts are too large or too painful.

If you follow the right procedure of treating the warts, they will subside in a few days or months than weeks.

Plenty of other over-the-counter products are available to cure this contagious skin problem from the scratch. Depending upon the type of wart you are suffering from, you can choose one of the product or even consult a physician for some great advice.