All About Histopathology And Its Uses

Histopathology is the process of examining the tissues of the body at the microscopic level to observe the appearance of any disease. Histopathology is derived from the Greek words that are mentioned below:

  • Histo: This means Tissue.
  • Pathos: This means disease
  • Logos: This refers to a study of this context.

The pathologist that are working in histopathology laboratory perform this examination precisely. They even examine these tissues in a different ways to find the disease. These tissues are first sliced into thin sections and then is examined under the microscope.

Histology

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Histopathology is majorly used in the field of clinical medicine where they examine the tissue or specimens that are removed from the body after the surgery for the purpose of a study.

These cells and tissues are not only examined for a disease but also for various other reasons that are mentioned below:

  • They are also used to investigate the crime. For eg: By performing some test they can tell whether the person was poisoned or drugged. This department is called Forensic Pathology.
  • These are also used to study the historical artifacts that may contain the biological tissues. This will help to know the health of a long-deceased person. This is various pathologies such as bone pathology, dental pathology and many more related to the same field.
  • They are also used for the study of ancient disease. This type of study is called paleopathology.

HistopathologyImage Source: Google

These histopathologists make a report after the examination called Histopathology report. The histopathology report includes the factors that are mentioned below:

  • The tissue at the microscopic level.
  • Chemical stains
  • Molecular techniques

Microscopic Level

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Molecular techniques are used in the molecular lab that involves the analysis of the cells and tissue at the molecular level. The molecular study may involve the genes rearrangements and to observe the specific changes in the chromosomes.

There are various other techniques are used apart from the histopathology to find out the presence of cancer in the tissues or cells.